June 2017

Scientific articles

Transcrestal Sinus Floor Augmentation by Sequential Drilling and the Use of Plasma Rich in Growth Factors

Research team

Javier Flores
Eduardo Anitua
Mohammad Hamdan Alkhraisat

Purpose

There is a paucity of studies that evaluate the treatment outcomes of transcrestal sinus elevation performed without using osteotomes. This study aims to evaluate the 4-year survival of short dental implants placed following transcrestal sinus elevation performed with a frontal cutting drill and to measure the marginal bone stability.

Materials and methods

Transcrestal sinus elevation was performed by sequential bone drilling using a frontal cutting drill. Short (≤ 8.5 mm) dental implants were placed. The patients' demographic data were described. Implant details, survival, marginal bone loss, and complications were analyzed. The implant survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

Results

Fifty-eight implants were placed in 38 patients with a mean age of 56 ± 7 years. The residual bone height was 4.6 ± 1.2 mm and bone grafting was performed for 15 implants. The mean follow-up time was 47 ± 12 months and 41 ± 9 months after insertion and loading, respectively. The implant survival rate was 96.6%, due to 2 implant failures. Cox regression analysis failed to indicate that implant length had a significant effect on the survival rate. Mesial and distal bone loss amounts were 0.9 ± 1 mm and 1.1 ± 1.0 mm, respectively.

Conclusions

The use of bone drills alone to perform transalveolar sinus floor elevation is not a risk factor for implant survival and marginal bone stability. A combination of short implants and transcrestal sinus elevation can be effective in the treatment of posterior maxillae with a mean residual bone height.

Flores Clínica dental

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